About My Moths Blog
My Moths Blog is a diary of the comings and goings recorded at my moth station, together with other general information about moths that I feel you may find useful and/or interesting.

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For more information on specific moth species I am currently working on two new sections of the site, Steve's Micro Moths and Steve's Macro Moths, which can be accessed from the buttons at the bottom of the page. Please note that these are works in progress, so will take some time to complete.


We see Alarming Decline in the UK moth Population.


We are aware of the threats to many species of animals, birds, and mammals, but far less about the insect species that make up over half of all the species known to science and play a fundamental role in the world's behaviour ecosystems. One suffering groups decline are moths-Lepidoptera. From recordings and records carried out, a significant number of moth species are in rapid decline, including many once-common species.

Those born in the late 1940s have witnessed a vast reduction in wildlife we took for granted and are less abundant now than in our childhood.

Moths play an essential part in the food chain of other species of animals, birds, bats, invertebrates, and predatory insects. Caterpillars are particularly critical to feeding many of our common garden birds such as the Blue Tit and Great Tit, Robin, Wren and Blackbird and their chicks. A severe decline in moth numbers could have a disastrous knock-on effect for all these wildlife species. Moths play a more vital role than food for other species, and they are also valuable pollinators.

It may be a combination of many things causing the decline of moths, including the changes in how we manage our gardens, pesticides, herbicides and the concrete jungle with its light pollution. The way the climate is changing is also affecting moths. The decrease in moth numbers and much other wildlife species is a warning that all is not well with our world.

I have been studying and recording moths our six-acre meadow in South Norfolk UK since 2013 and find them a fascinating species to research and record and worthy of conservation in their own right.

List of UK Macro Moth species that's Declined in Percentages over the last 40 yrs.

Anomalous - Stilbia anomala -94%

Autumnal Rustic - Eugnorisma glareosa -94%

Beaded Chestnut - Agrochola lychnidis -93%

Black Rustic - Aporophyla nigra -75%

Brindled Ochre - Dasypolia templi -94%

Broom Moth - Melanchra pisi -84%

Broom-tip - Chesias rufata -90%

Brown-spot Pinion - Agrochola litura -82%

Buff Arches - Habrosyne pyritoides -80%

Dark-barred Twin-spot Carpet - Xanthorhoe ferrugata -91%

Deep-brown/Northern Deep-brown Dart agg. - Aporophyla lutulenta/luneburgensis -81%

Dot Moth - Melanchra persicariae -91%

Dusky-lemon Sallow - Xanthia gilvago -94%

Feathered Gothic - Tholera decimalis -89%

Flounced Chestnut - Agrochola helvola -94%

Galium Carpet - Epirrhoe galiata -79%

Garden Carpet - Xanthorhoe fluctuata -75%

Garden Tiger - Arctia caja -92%

Gothic - Naenia typica -76%

Grass Rivulet - Perizoma albulata -93%

Green-brindled Crescent - Allophyes oxyacanthae-81%

Grey Chi - Antitype chi -80%

Grey Mountain Carpet - Entephria caesiata -91%

Haworth's Minor - Celaena haworthii -92%

Heart and Dart - Agrotis exclamationis -76%

Heath Rustic - Xestia agathina -95%

Lackey - Malacosoma neustria -93%

Large Nutmeg - Apamea anceps -93%

Large Wainscot - Rhizedra lutosa -83%

Lead/July Belle agg. - Scotopteryx mucronata/luridata -81%

Minor Shoulder-knot - Brachylomia viminalis -82%

Mottled Rustic - Caradrina morpheus -84%

Mouse Moth - Amphipyra tragopogonis -85%

Neglected Rustic - Xestia castanea -76%

Oak Hook-tip - Watsonalla binaria -78%

Oak Lutestring - Cymatophorima diluta -88%

Oblique Carpet - Orthonama vittata -85%

Pale Eggar - Trichiura crataegi -90%

Pretty Chalk Carp - Melanthia procellata -88%

Red Carpet - Xanthorhoe decoloraria -88%

Rosy Minor - Mesoligia literosa -93%

Rustic - Hoplodrina blanda -78%

Small Autumnal Moth - Epirrita filigrammaria -81%

White-line Dart - Euxoa tritici -94%


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